What is an Ophthalmologist?

Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialize in eye and vision care. Following four years of premedical college, four years of medical school and a yearlong internship, an ophthalmologist will spend three years in a residency ophthalmology program. An ophthalmologist will complete special training in all facets of eye care, including prevention, diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment of eye conditions and diseases. Ophthalmologists also have the choice of sub-specializing in a specific area of eye care, which will require an additional year or two of training. Some subspecialty fields include: glaucoma, pediatric ophthalmology and ophthalmic plastic surgery, just to name a few.